of The Order of the Temple
The origin of the religious and military Order
of the Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and the
Temple of Solomon (often referred to as “The Order
of the Temple,” Knights Templar,” or simply “the
Temple”) was founded by the Frenchman Hughes
de Payens in 1118 A.D. Some historians quote
it's beginning as 1119 A.D.; others extend this
even further back to 1114 A.D.
In 1118 A.D., nine French knights, concerned
for the welfare of pilgrims to the Holy Land,
bound themselves together in the creation of a
Knightly Order, calling themselves in the French,
“Pauperes commilitones Christi templique Salomonis,”
or the Poor Fellow-Soldiers (or “Knights”) of
Christ of the Temple of Solomon. The original
objective of the Order was to combine the two
functions of monk and knight, protecting Christian
pilgrims in the Holy Land from robbers and brigands
on the roadways and thoroughfares while on pilgrimage.
In contrast to the ordinary religious houses,
this community had a special character, for the
knights not only took the usual vows of poverty,
chastity and obedience, but added a fourth vow
of a decidedly military nature. They were known
as “Milites Christi,” or Soldiers of Christ, and
took the Blessed Virgin Mary as their patroness.
Today, the Order exist to defend and provide
the spread of the Christian Faith, practice charitable
humanitarian work, cary on the knighthood's traditions,
and to promote the study of history, heraldry,
genealogy, philosophy, and religion.